I have an AVI with an XVID video stream that's 608x256 (2.21:1) at 23.976fps. I think I've read every guide on this site and on Doom9, but I can't seem to find out how to transcode that stream to NTSC DVD compliant MPEG2 and have it come out correctly. There are really two things that I don't understand. First is how to make my DVD play the video at 2.21:1 (I'm guessing there has to be some vertical scaling somewhere), and second, what do I do with the 23.976fps frame rate? Am I supposed to convert it to 29.97fps during the transcoding? (I tried that, but when I played it, it was jumpy.) I understand how 3:2 pulldown works, but where does it happen? During the transcoding, in the authoring, or in the player? I have TMPGEnc, TMPG DVD author, Main Concept MPEG Encoder, NeroVision Express 3, DVDLab, CCE SP (that I haven't figured out completely yet), Virtual Dub and Mod, and some other one-click programs. I want to be able to play the DVD on both 4:3 and 16:9 TV's and have the aspect ratio be correct and lose as little quality as possible.